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This post originally ran on the Greater Good blog on October 21, 2014.

The GGSC’s online course, “The Science of Happiness,” emphasizes the importance of social connection to happiness. But how socially connected are our students—and how does their connection relate to other aspects of their lives, like their age and relationship status?

We have some interesting answers, thanks to data from the survey that we provided to our students at the start of the course. More than 30,000 of them have completed it so far.

This is the second in a series of posts reporting on findings from the survey. The first described how students’ happiness levels correlated with their age, gender, and more.

This time we focus on the power of social connection. Look for more posts as we continue to analyze the survey results, including data on how happiness varies by country. At the end of the class, we’ll also invite students to take a final survey that will help us track changes in happiness from the start to the end of “The Science of Happiness.”

Who feels socially connected?

To gauge students’ sense of social connection, we asked them to rate how closely they see themselves in relation to the people they encounter in daily life. We also measured their level of loneliness by asking about their tendency to feel socially isolated.

First, we looked at whether students’ age is related to their feelings of social connectedness. We found that, as people age, they generally feel less lonely and more connected to others; one notable exception is students born in the 2000s, who indicated higher levels of connection than people born in some earlier decades.

These general findings make sense given our previous finding that happiness is marginally higher among older students.

Bar chart of Loneliness across age groups, with mean loneliness scores by decade of birth

Bar chart of Social connection across age groups, with mean inclusion scores by decade of birth

Next we looked at gender. As the figures below indicate, our survey data suggest that females in the class feel somewhat less lonely and more connected to others than males do.

Bar chart of Loneliness across gender groups, with mean loneliness scores by gender

Bar chart of Social connection across gender groups, with mean inclusion scores by gender

Third, we tested whether our students’ standing in their community is related to their feelings of social connectedness. We measured “community standing” by presenting students with a ladder and asking them to indicate where they’d place themselves on the hierarchy. This isn’t necessarily their socioeconomic status, just their place within a given community.

Our survey data suggest that community standing is negatively associated with loneliness and positively associated with social connection.

Bar chart of Loneliness across community standings, with mean loneliness scores by 10 different rungs

Bar chart of Social connection across community standings, with mean inclusion scores by 10 different rungs

Finally, we tested whether students’ relationship status is associated with their feelings of social connectedness. Our survey data suggest, for the most part, that being in a relationship is associated with less loneliness and greater feelings of connection; however, this effect varies somewhat depending on the specific relationship status. For example, students who had been widowed reported being more socially connected than students who were single.

Bar chart of Loneliness across relationship status, with mean loneliness scores by status

Bar chart of Social connection across relationship status, with mean inclusion scores by status

There are more findings to come, so stay tuned!

Tchikima Davis, M.A., is a Ph.D. student in social and personality psychology at the University of California, Berkeley, and a course assistant on the GGSC’s online course, “The Science of Happiness.”

Enroll in The Science of Happiness course, and follow the Greater Good Science Center on twitter for more updates.

Guest Post: Tchikima Davis, UC Berkeley Greater Good Science Center